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Cervicalgia ICD-10 CODE M54.2 - ICD 10 code for Neck pain

Cervicalgia (Known as Neck pain), is a widespread condition that impacts millions of people globally. The ICD-10 code M54.2 is used to classify and diagnose cervicalgia. This blog provides a comprehensive overview of cervicalgia, covering its symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment options.

What is Cervicalgia (ICD-10 M54.2)?

Cervicalgia, or neck pain, refers to pain localized in the neck region or cervical spine. This condition can result from various factors, including poor posture, injury, or underlying medical conditions. According to the PROMBS Medical Coding team, ICD-10 code M54.2 is specifically assigned to cervicalgia, helping healthcare providers accurately diagnose and manage this condition.

Cervicalgia Definition:

Cervicalgia is defined as pain or discomfort in the neck region, typically arising from the muscles, nerves, or vertebrae in the cervical spine. This condition can be acute or chronic, affecting daily activities and overall quality of life.

Cervicalgia Symptoms:

The symptoms of cervicalgia can vary in intensity and duration, but common signs include:

  • Persistent neck pain
  • Stiffness and reduced range of motion
  • Muscle spasms
  • Headaches that start in the neck
  • Pain that radiates to the arems or shoulders
  • Tingling or numbness in the arms

Diagnosis of Cervicalgia (ICD-10 M54.2)

Accurate diagnosis of cervicalgia is crucial for effective treatment. Healthcare providers use various methods to diagnose cervicalgia, including:

Physical Examination:

A thorough physical examination helps assess the range of motion, muscle strength, and areas of tenderness in the neck. The healthcare provider may also check for any neurological deficits.

Imaging Tests:

Imaging tests such as CT scans may be identify any structural abnormalities, herniated discs, X-rays, MRI, or other potential causes of neck pain.

Patient History:

Reviewing the patient’s medical history and discussing any recent injuries or activities that may have contributed to neck pain is essential for an accurate diagnosis.

Causes of Cervicalgia

Cervicalgia can result from various factors, including:

Poor Posture:

Prolonged poor posture, using electronic devices such as slouching while sitting, can strain the neck muscles and lead to cervicalgia.


Injuries from accidents, falls, or sports activities can cause trauma to the cervical spine, resulting in neck pain.

Degenerative Disc Disease:

Age-related wear and tear on the cervical discs can lead to degenerative disc disease, causing chronic neck pain.

Herniated Disc:

A herniated disc in the cervical spine can exert pressure on nearby nerves, tingling, leading to pain,  and numbness in the neck and arms.

Muscle Strain:

Overuse or sudden movements can strain the neck muscles, resulting in cervicalgia.
Certain medical conditions, such as spinal stenosis or rheumatoid arthritis, can cause chronic neck pain.

Cervicalgia Treatment Options

Effective treatment for cervicalgia often involves a combination of approaches tailored to the underlying severity and cause of the condition. Common treatment options include:

Conservative Treatments:

Physical Therapy:

Physical therapy exercises help strengthen the neck muscles, increase the range of motion and  improve posture. A therapist can design a personalized exercise program to alleviate neck pain.


Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen can help manage mild to moderate neck pain. In some cases, muscle relaxants or prescription medications may be necessary.

Heat and Cold Therapy:

Applying cold or heat packs to the affected area can reduce inflammation and relieve pain.

Lifestyle Modifications:

Making lifestyle changes, such as improving posture, using ergonomic furniture, and avoiding activities that strain the neck, can prevent the recurrence of cervicalgia.

Advanced Treatments:


In some cases, corticosteroid injections or nerve blocks may be suggested to decrease inflammation and provide pain relief.


Surgery is usually regarded as a final option for cervicalgia and is reserved for severe cases that do not respond to conservative treatments. Surgical options may include spinal fusion, disc replacement, or decompression surgery.

Preventing Cervicalgia

Preventive measures can lower the risk of developing cervicalgia. Some effective strategies include:

Ergonomic Adjustments:

Make sure that your workstation is ergonomically designed to support good posture. Use a chair with proper lumbar support and position your computer monitor at eye level.

Regular Exercise:

Participate in regular physical activity to strengthen the muscles supporting the neck and improve overall flexibility.

Proper Posture:

Maintain good posture while sitting, sleeping and standing. Avoid slouching and use supportive pillows to keep your neck aligned.


Include stretching exercises into your daily routine to keep the neck muscles flexible and prevent stiffness.

Understanding ICD-10 Codes for Neck Pain

10th Revision of (ICD-10) International Classification of Diseases , provides a standardized system for diagnosing and coding medical conditions. ICD-10 code M54.2 specifically refers to cervicalgia. Understanding this code is essential for medical billing specialists and healthcare providers to ensure accurate documentation and reimbursement.

Chronic Neck Pain ICD-10:

Chronic neck pain, which lasts for more than 3 months, may also be classified under ICD-10 code M54.2 if the primary symptom is cervicalgia.

ICD-10 Code for Neck Strain:

Neck strain, resulting from overuse or injury, may be classified under different ICD-10 codes, such as S16.1 for strain of muscle, fascia, and tendon at the neck level. However, if the primary symptom is cervicalgia, ICD-10 code M54.2 may still be used.


Cervicalgia is a frequent condition that can significantly impact an individual’s quality of life. Understanding the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for cervicalgia is essential for effective management. The ICD-10 code M54.2 provides a standardized way to diagnose and document cervicalgia, ensuring proper treatment and reimbursement.

By incorporating preventive measures, such as maintaining good posture and engaging in regular exercise, individuals can reduce their risk of developing cervicalgia. If neck pain persists, consulting a healthcare professional and adhering to a detailed treatment plan can help mitigate symptoms and improve overall well-being.

Pro Medical Billing Solutions LLC (PROMBS) specializes in medical billing and coding services, ensuring accurate documentation and reimbursement for healthcare providers. Contact us today to learn more about how we can support your practice with expert medical billing solutions.

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